Situated on the outskirts of Turin, the town dates back to 1228 and is known as the "City of the Proclamation", a famous document with which Vittorio Emanuele II addressed the Parliament to accept the conditions imposed by Austria for peace. Crossed by the river Po, it extends partly on the plain and partly in the hills.

Dominated by the Royal Castle - a royal residence and UNESCO World Heritage Site - the old town lies at its feet and preserves important religious buildings such as the Gothic parish church of Santa Maria della Scala and imposing aristocratic palaces, including the Palazzo del Comune and the Palazzo Duck, which frame Piazza Vittorio Emanuele II, giving it an evocative medieval appearance.

The highlight of the city is the Victory Lighthouse, located in the Parco della Rimembranza on the Maddalena hill.